Today no one seems to have been saved in the world. Terrorism, the ugly development that has forced world leaders, as well as public people to spend millions of dollars in strengthening their security, has become a global threat. In the midst of this apparently strict security and threat, thousands of innocent souls have lost their lives to destruction called terrorism. Statistically, it has been shown that no country in the world is exceptional for terrorist attacks. Pius Odiaka wrists in the light a dangerous world of fear after a series of bomb attacks in some countries. Since January 29, 2005, the Guardian newspaper magazine "The Parties of the World" has no terrorist blood, from Kenya, Algeria, Egypt to Africa to many countries in the Middle East and the Gulf, Indonesia, the Philippines, Pakistan and India throughout Asia, Washington and New York in America, Spain and now in London in Europe, many innocent souls are naughty of existence. "
The paper will present how terrorism is a threat to Global Peace, Navest will be the category of terrorist acts, and will examine the causes and implications of terrorism in human progress, especially in the area of peace building and preservation. United Nations Global Counterterrorism Strategy – Concludes by confirming that global peace can only be achieved if world leaders and followers condemn terrorism in all its forms and consequences and act unconditionally and fairly in its search for continuous solutions to peace, the most serious threat to global peace
In human history, terrorism is widely recognized as the world's most famous enemy of mankind.What history itself will admit is that terrorism is destruction with far-reaching and destructive effects, it is the worst crime against humanity, and its remains transformed neighbors in enemies and doing or that our societies and the whole world are not safe for life. Goals and applications are global and uncompromising. Neither terrorism nor perpetrators are new. Although it has been used since the beginning of the recorded time, history itself can not with precision keep the number of lives and features lost from terrorism.
No doubt, terrorism with its destructive power has transformed the world we live in. Now we live in a world marked by the rise in violence and conflict. This in turn has led to growing distrust, fear, division and represents a significant new threat to international justice, peace and security. This ugly development, which Amnesty International in the 2004 report viewed as a lasting crime in humanity.
This report and others provide a valid point on how terrorism or terrorist acts make the world insecure and endanger global peace. The Historical Background of Terrorism
It is important to remember that the forms of society and the government in the past differ from what they are today when they describe the history of terrorism and the use of terrorism over time. Until 1648 (the Treaty of Westphalia), nothing was like modern national states. A newer monopoly of state on war or interstate violence. The absence of a central authority cave many more players to participate in the game of warfare. However, this did not make terror a method of influence on political change. Unlike modern times, where only peoples go to war, the participation of players such as religious leaders, mercenaries, trading companies, national armies and many others is considered legitimate and normal.
Terrorist acts or threats to such action have existed for millennia already. So, in telling the history of terrorism, it is important to talk about different types of terrorism and terrorist individuals and groups. Below is a summary of the history of terrorism.
Polish scientists see the radical Sicariy's underlying Jewish zealots as one of the oldest survivors of contemporary terrorism. Like modern terrorists, they intended to propose a message to a wider targeted audience: in this case, Roman Empire officials and all pro-Roman and collaborators.  And Hashshash (also Hashishin, Hashshiyyin or Assassins) were the branch of Isma or the sect of a Shiite Muslim. After quarreling about the success of leadership in the ruling Fatimid Dynasty in Cairo in about 1090, the lost Nizariyya faction was taken out of Egypt. In today's Iran, Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, they have established a number of established settlements under the charismatic leader Hasan I Sabbom. He recalled himself as the unbeliever of the dominant Sunni Sunni sect in the Muslim world; they have sent suicide killers to remove the prominent Sunni leaders who they considered "abusive usurpers". The Sect decimated from the Mongol invasion, their last strikes dropped from Hule Kana in 1272. Many scientists believe that the term Hashshashin, the name given to them by their enemy, was derived from the Arabic hashish user, which they allegedly consumed before their attacks, but this etymology is disputed. The sects are called al-da-wa-al-jadida, meaning new doctrines, and they were known within the organization as Fedayeen. 1605. A group of conspirators, led by Guy Fawkes, tried to destroy the English Parliament on State Opening, adding a large amount of gunpowder that was secretly placed on Beneth The construction was supposed to kill King James1 and members of both houses of parliament.In resulting anarchy, conspirators planned to spend a coup d'etat and restore the Catholic faith in England, but the plan was released and then swung. Eighteen Hundred Years of Freedom
Free were underground g a hole against British rule in the colonies, which has committed several attacks, most notably the Boston Tea Party. No one was killed or seriously injured by any actions taken. 2. Terror (1793-1794) The Kingdom of Terrorism (September 5, 1793 – July 28, 1794) or simply Terror (French: la Terreur) was around eleven months during the French Revolution, fighting between rival factions are to the mutual radicalization that has occupied the violent character of guillotine mass executions. Victims of terrorist rule amounted to about 40,000. Among the men who denounced the revolutionary tribunals, about 8 percent were aristocrats, 6 percent of the clerks 14 percent middle class, and 70 percent workers or peasants accused of collecting, avoiding draft, desertion, rebellion and other alleged crimes. Nineteenth-century Anarchists were the most fertile terrorists of the 19th century, with terrorist tendencies of nationalism and political movements of communism or fascism at that age. The revealed attacks by various anarchist groups have led to the assassination of Russian caravans and US presidents, but they had little realistic political impacts. In Russia, by the middle of the 19th century, intelligence complained of impatience with the slow reforms of the empire, which slowed down consideration after attempted murder of Alexander II. Russia. The radicals then bought to transform peasant dissatisfaction into an open revolution. Anarchists like Michael Bakunin believe progress is impossible without destruction. With the development of sufficiently robust, stable and accessible explosives, the gap was closed between the fiery state power and the resources available to dissidents. The main group responsible for the emerging campaign of terror – People's Will (People of the Will) (1878-81) – used the word "terrorism proudly." They believed in the targeted killing of "the leader of oppression," were convinced that the development of the era technology, bombing and bullets, allowed them to directly and discriminate. "The human will," which has only 30 members, has tried several attempts at Tsu's assassination, the peak in the assassination of Emperor Alexandra II on March 13, 1881, killing a car while traveling by train.
3. Irish Republican Fraternity
In 1867, the Irish Republican Fraternity, a revolutionary nationalist group with the support of Irish Americans, was carrying out attacks in England – these were the first acts of "Republican terrorism," which became a recurring feature of British history, and the Phoenicians were the forerunners of the Irish Republican Army, and the ideology of the group was Irish nationalism
4. National Terrorism
The Phoenicians / IRA and IMRO might be the prototype of all nationalistic terrorism and equally illustrate (controversial) statement that "a man's terrorist is another man" is a Fighter for Freedom. "At least one of these groups achieved their goal: there was an independent Ireland, so independent Macedonia, but the original IMRO probably contributed little to this opportunity, some groups complained of using dynamite as well as Catalan nationalists such as La Reixa and Bandera Negre
5. John Brown
John Brown was an abolitionist who fought for an armed opposition to slavery, he has committed several terrorist attacks and was involved in illegal smuggling of slaves.The most famous of his attacks was an armed Harpers Ferry, although the local forces will soon take over the city and Brown, trying to execute it for bribery, and his death would be tortured for the abolitionist cause, one of the origins of the American Civil War, and the hero of the Union's forces that succeeded in it
6. Ku Klux Clan (1865)
The original Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was created after the end of the US Civil War on December 24, 1865 by six well-educated middle class defenders if Confederate veteran Pulaski, Tennessee. It soon spread to almost every southern state of the United States. The clan fought for what is generally considered to be miserable by supremacy, anti-Semitism, racism, anti-Catholicism, homophobia, and nativism. They were often used by terrorism, violence, and acts of intimidation, such as crosses, to oppress African Americas and other groups. Name & quot; Ku Klux Klan & # 39; they have used many different unrelated groups, but they all seem to focus on the faith of white supremacy. Since its creation to date, the number of members and influences has greatly varied. However, there is little doubt that, especially in the southern United States, it occasionally had many political impacts and created great fear among African Americans and their supporters. At one point, the KKK was overseen by the governments of Tennessee, Indiana, Oklahoma and Oregon, in addition to some of the South American legal bodies.
The Suffragette, the Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand (1914), KKK (1915), Irgun (1936-1948), World War II, Nationalism and End of Empire, Cold War Processes, IRA, ETA, Aum Shinrikyo 1993), Umkhonto we Sizwe (South Africa 1961-1990), PLO (1964-1988), Colombian Terrorist Group, Massachuset in Munich (1972) Sarin's gas attack on Tokyo the subway (1995) and the bombing of Oklahoma City (1995) are the types of terrorism and individual terrorists and groups that operated in the twentieth century. Twenty-first century
The famous attack on September 11 (2002) and the siege of Beslan's school are the recent terrorist attacks of the twenty-first century.
Terrorism: Concept Definition
As has been said, terrorism was founded as a world phenomenon before 1648. But then it becomes necessary to investigate the true meaning of the term. Although the definition of definition is dominated by a series of controversies, the etymological concept emerges from the Latin "terrere", meaning "frighten" the French word terrorism, which is often associated with the territory of the land, the reign of the terror of the revolutionary government in France from 1793 to 1794 . years. The public security committee that has conducted the "Terror" policy is called "terrorists". The English word "terrorism" was first recorded in English in 1798, meaning "systematic use of terror as a policy". The Oxford English Dictionary still captures the definition of terrorism as "the government because of the intimidation that the ruling party in France carried out between 1789 and 1774. It is a controversial question that voluntary terrorism has become the heir of that anarchy and communism is a comprehensive indictment mark, media and politicians are exploited The difficulty in constructing a definition that removes any just cause of terrorism is that history provides too many benefits to organizations and their leaders who are labeled as terrorists but who have ever developed into a reactionary government. This is particularly true of national liberation movements that they are fighting against colonial or oppressive regimes, often as the last resort to violence in their countries.Jomo Kenyatta from Kenya spent years of his life watching the British government before he was involved in the rebellion of Mao Mau Mandela, a hero on his continent and beyond, he was still convicted as a "terrorist" as he co-operated with this r
Before making a valid point, it is important to say that this text wants to consider further statements and criticisms on this issue and acknowledge that there are other valid arguments about these controversial issues. However, they are not in the concessions of this work. By coming to a universally accepted definition of terrorism that narrows down to a specific method of enforcing violence instead of "all its forms and manifestations", or allowing terrorist acts to go to an international tribunal, as well as genocide and other war crimes or to prevent individual countries from acting unlawfully as terrorism perhaps because of its own political interest, is a major challenge in the study of terrorism.
Although the United Nations has not yet adopted the definition of terrorism, the definition of the UN consensus-based academics has been considered, and they are also available for public assessment, although in the final analysis, the actual number of terrorism definitions is not clear Terrorism does not respect human lives and values It has claimed thousands of lives of innocent souls, has provided millions of people to homeless and economically handicapped.Unfortunately, it is clear that terrorism has turned our world into a place that is fit for its existence and spread.
The Effects of Terrorism on global peace
Terrorism is a threat to global peace, how it successfully fits in our world – where the practice of violating human rights, increasing violence and conflict, ethnic, national and religious discrimination, socioeconomic marginalization and extreme ideology, dehumanization victims, he was able to neglect human life and values, launching war on the slopes love and peace, multiplication of violence and conflict, and setting up challenges to address the problems of injustice, insecurity and declination.
In accordance with the United Nations in the report titled: Combating Counterterrorism Recommendations for the Global Anti-Counterterrorism Strategy, this paper presents the following recommendations; (1) All stalkers – leaders and followers, individuals and institutions must deter people from resorting to terrorism or supporting terrorism. (2) All participants, at all levels and at all levels, must deny terrorists the means of attack:
– Denial of financial support to terrorists. By forbidding terrorists access to lethal weapons, including weapons of mass destruction.
– Denial of terrorist approaches to travel.
– Denial of terrorists access to their goals and the desired effect. (3) All parties, in all capacities, must repel States from supporting terrorist groups. (4) All stakeholders must develop state capacity to prevent terrorism: (19459003) – promoting the rule of law and effective criminal justice system.
– Promotion of quality education and religious and cultural tolerance.
fight against the financing of terrorism.
– Ensuring transport security. – preventing terrorists from procuring nuclear, biological, chemical or radiological materials and ensuring better preparedness for attack with such materials – improving the defense of soft targets and responding to their attack.
– Promoting United Nations coherence in dealing with terrorism. (5) All stalkers, collectively, must defend human rights in the context of terrorism and counterterrorism.
Although my recommendations are shaped by United Nations recommendations for global strategy, they represent a holistic and realistic approach to fighting or combating terrorism. However, if these recommendations are given opportunities for work, or if they are implemented and carried out properly and continuously, they are effective strategies for combating terrorism and at the same time securing the world without violence and conflict, human rights violations, ethnic, political exclusion and socio-economic marginalization
Since you agree with me that terrorism affects us all, our approach to fighting or combating terrorism and securing a secure and peaceful world must be collective. However, it is worth knowing that world leaders, followers and instincts have important roles in combating terrorism and achieving our goals of global peace and security. For world leaders and interested parties, this role goes beyond attending or organizing world summits, conferences, seminars, etc. On the theme and acceptance of the Global Strategy for Combating Terrorism at Work. They need more resources at all levels, cause, be honest and objective in their judgments, more practical in their approach, and create environments that allow justice, conflict resolution, human rights protection, equality, stability, unity, prosperity, tolerance, peace and security. However, they need to promote and support especially because they respect human lives and values.
For followers and individuals, we need to make a message outside the conference that terrorism is inescapable and unacceptable. We need to engage in individual educational or group discussions illuminating the devastating and destructive effects of terrorism on our lives and values, and stressing that terrorism is not an effective way of defending the cause, whether it is politically, religiously or otherwise, We must to admit that peace is the most precious of the needs of mankind.
Source by Azeez Olawale-Arish Yusuff